Infrared radiation was discovered in 1800, when an English astronomer discovered the existence of infrared energy beyond the red end of the visible light spectrum. He found that when sunlight was passed through a glass prism it formed a spectrum, if a thermometer was then moved along the spectrum of colours the heating effect could be monitored, moving the thermometer beyond the red end of the spectrum where no light was visible the heating effect increased. This new region of the electromagnetic spectrum was called the infrared. Xrays, ultraviolet, radio and microwaves all fall into this spectrum but at the very extremes, well away from the energy that infrared heaters use.
Near infrared is commonly used in patio heaters and bulbs for keeping baby animals warm, these give off an orange light glow. The heat is quite intense and perfect for outdoor use as it does not heat the air, only people.
Our panels use far infrared which has no visible colour or light. Only rays which fall into the 0.75 to 15 microns provide heat, the optimum spectrum for heating people is 6 to 10 microns, in tests our white framed panels produce 99.82% of its output from the far infrared range and more than 90% in this optimum spectrum range. The human body naturally absorbs and emits infrared energy in the optimum range which is why we find this type of heating very comfortable
What is the technology behind the surface?
Infrared heating panels have been available in Europe for many years, especially in Germany and Austria where a great deal of research goes into making energy efficient products. We source heaters from leading infrared specialist manufacturers with between 20 and 40 years experience. These leaders in infrared heating have developed panels which have a fine layer of carbon which creates an even hot surface at a very specific temperature, this gives off infrared energy, insulation on the rear side ensures no infrared energy is wasted from the back of the panel, it is directed into the room. Panels must reach over 80 degreesC to give off the most effective infrared energy, the hotter the surface the more stronger the feeling of infrared direct warmth. Our ceramic heaters for village halls reach 750 degrees C, the feeling of infrared warmth on the body is superb in a cold room!
Wavelengths found in both the near and far infrared range of the spectrum will create the energy required for atoms within an object to start vibrating. Vibrating atoms in an object will cause it to heat up, their vibration energy can be transferred between atoms in the object and the surrounding air. Just a very slight increase in temperature of all items in a room will create a feeling of all round warmth and comfort, just imagine the different feelings of sitting next to a warm stone wall or a cold bus window even though the air temperatures might be the same the feeling of warm comfort is not!
Infrared heats people and objects directly without the need to heat up the air in between. Infrared rays warm the skin, the heat is then passed by the blood circulation around the body. People will feel an even comfortable warmth whilst the surrounding air may be cooler.
For homes. The infrared rays warm the walls and objects within the room too. Our panels can be left on a low thermostat throughout the day to create a warm and comfortable environment especially in old stone houses. In modern well insulated homes infrared heating can be used very efficiently to warm rooms as and when you need it.
For large open plan spaces. Infrared warmth from our high output heaters is very effective at making people feel comfortable even though the air temperature might not be as warm as you think. In buildings with some insulation the air will warm up too.
Infrared heating gives you far more flexibility of programming to heat individual rooms compared to traditional radiators or storage heaters. You may find the thermostat can be turned down as infrared warmth is very different to convected hot air.
Natural infrared in nature.
When infrared rays touch a surface they cause it to heat up, the most common example of this is sitting in the sun. The suns infrared rays provide healthy warmth on the skin irrelevant of the outside temperature, even on a spring day you can feel the suns infrared warmth on your face. A warm sunny wall is also the result of the suns infrared rays this time heating the surface of the stonework which in turn radiates the heat back.
Infrared heating in the home.
Panels provide an affordable and energy efficient heating solution for homes and businesses. We have a wide range of white panels with either a smooth or textured surface, with or without a frame, glass surface, mirror surface or even a picture in a frame or canvas style picture – the choice is yours!
Heaters are easy to install by any qualified electrician, with simple screw mountings and a slide and clip action which holds the heater slightly away from the wall, in all only 2.5cm deep. When fitted on the ceiling the cable can be neatly taken up into the ceiling /floorboard space above and connected to an isolator switch and programmer, then used in conjunction with other heaters to create a central heating system. A number of heaters can be wired together or programmed individually. Or heaters can quickly be connected to a plug point for an individual room solution.
Use in Bathrooms.
Heating panels are IP44 rated for use in zone 3 of bathrooms and wet rooms, away from direct water contact. Ideally position above where you stand in the bathroom to feel the warmth on you.